The TMS320VC5509A fixed-point digital signal processor (DSP) is based on the TMS320C55x DSP generation CPU processor core. The C55x DSP architecture achieves high performance and low power through increased parallelism and total focus on reduction in power dissipation. The CPU supports an internal bus structure that is composed of one program bus, three data read buses, two data write buses, and additional buses dedicated to peripheral and DMA activity. These buses provide the ability to perform up to three data reads and two data writes in a single cycle. In parallel, the DMA controller can perform up to two data transfers per cycle independent of the CPU activity.
The C55x CPU provides two multiply-accumulate (MAC) units, each capable of 17-bit × 17-bit multiplication in a single cycle. A central 40-bit arithmetic/logic unit (ALU) is supported by an additional 16-bit ALU. Use of the ALUs is under instruction set control, providing the ability to optimize parallel activity and power consumption. These resources are managed in the Address Unit (AU) and Data Unit (DU) of the C55x CPU.
The C55x DSP generation supports a variable byte width instruction set for improved code density. The Instruction Unit (IU) performs 32-bit program fetches from internal or external memory and queues instructions for the Program Unit (PU). The Program Unit decodes the instructions, directs tasks to AU and DU resources, and manages the fully protected pipeline. Predictive branching capability avoids pipeline flushes on execution of conditional instructions.
The general-purpose input and output functions and the 10-bit A/D provide sufficient pins for status, interrupts, and bit I/O for LCDs, keyboards, and media interfaces. The parallel interface operates in two modes, either as a slave to a microcontroller using the HPI port or as a parallel media interface using the asynchronous EMIF. Serial media is supported through two MultiMedia Card/Secure Digital (MMC/SD) peripherals and three McBSPs.
The 5509A peripheral set includes an external memory interface (EMIF) that provides glueless access to asynchronous memories like EPROM and SRAM, as well as to high-speed, high-density memories such as synchronous DRAM. Additional peripherals include Universal Serial Bus (USB), real-time clock, watchdog timer, and I2C multi-master and slave interface. Three full-duplex multichannel buffered serial ports (McBSPs) provide glueless interface to a variety of industry-standard serial devices, and multichannel communication with up to 128 separately enabled channels. The enhanced host-port interface (HPI) is a 16-bit parallel interface used to provide host processor access to 32K bytes of internal memory on the 5509A. The HPI can be configured in either multiplexed or non-multiplexed mode to provide glueless interface to a wide variety of host processors. The DMA controller provides data movement for six independent channel contexts without CPU intervention, providing DMA throughput of up to two 16-bit words per cycle. Two general-purpose timers, up to eight dedicated general-purpose I/O (GPIO) pins, and digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) clock generation are also included.
High-Performance, Low-Power, Fixed-Point TMS320C55™ Digital Signal Processor
9.26-, 6.95-, 5-ns Instruction Cycle Time
108-, 144-, 200-MHz Clock Rate
One/Two Instruction(s) Executed per Cycle
Dual Multipliers [Up to 400 Million Multiply-Accumulates per Second (MMACS)]
Two Arithmetic/Logic Units (ALUs)
Three Internal Data/Operand Read Buses and Two Internal Data/Operand Write Buses
128K × 16-Bit On-Chip RAM, Composed of:
64K Bytes of Dual-Access RAM (DARAM) 8 Blocks of 4K × 16-Bit
192K Bytes of Single-Access RAM (SARAM) 24 Blocks of 4K × 16-Bit
64K Bytes of One-Wait-State On-Chip ROM (32K × 16-Bit)
8M × 16-Bit Maximum Addressable External Memory Space (Synchronous DRAM)
16-Bit External Parallel Bus Memory Supporting Either:
External Memory Interface (EMIF) With GPIO Capabilities and Glueless Interface to:
Asynchronous Static RAM (SRAM)
Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM)
16-Bit Parallel Enhanced Host-Port Interface (EHPI) With GPIO Capabilities
Programmable Low-Power Control of Six Device Functional Domains
On-Chip Scan-Based Emulation Logic
Two 20-Bit Timers
Six-Channel Direct Memory Access (DMA) Controller
Three Serial Ports Supporting a Combination of:
Up to 3 Multichannel Buffered Serial Ports (McBSPs)
Up to 2 MultiMedia/Secure Digital CardInterfaces
Programmable Phase-Locked Loop Clock Generator
Seven (LQFP) or Eight (BGA) General-Purpose I/O (GPIO) Pins and a General- Purpose Output Pin (XF)
USB Full-Speed (12 Mbps) Slave Port Supporting Bulk, Interrupt and Isochronous Transfers
Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C) Multi-Master and Slave Interface
Real-Time Clock (RTC) With Crystal Input, Separate Clock Domain, Separate Power Supply
4-Channel (BGA) or 2-Channel (LQFP) 10-Bit Successive Approximation A/D