The ISO721, ISO721M, ISO722, and ISO722M are digital isolators with a logic input and output buffer separated by a silicon dioxide (SiO2) insulation barrier. This barrier provides galvanic isolation of up to 4000 VPK per VDE. Used in conjunction with isolated power supplies, these devices prevent noise currents on a data bus or other circuits from entering the local ground, and interfering with or damaging sensitive circuitry.
A binary input signal is conditioned, translated to a balanced signal, then differentiated by the capacitive isolation barrier. Across the isolation barrier, a differential comparator receives the logic transition information, then sets or resets a flip-flop and the output circuit accordingly. A periodic update pulse is sent across the barrier to ensure the proper dc level of the output. If this dc-refresh pulse is not received for more than 4 µs, the input is assumed to be unpowered or not being actively driven, and the failsafe circuit drives the output to a logic-high state.
The symmetry of the dielectric and capacitor within the integrated circuitry provides for close capacitive matching, and allows fast transient voltage changes between the input and output grounds without corrupting the output. The small capacitance and resulting time constant provide for fast operation with signaling rates(1) from 0 Mbps (DC) to 100 Mbps for the ISO721/ISO722, and 0 Mbps to 150 Mbps with the ISO721M/ISO722M.
These devices require two supply voltages of 3.3 V, 5 V, or any combination. All inputs are 5 V tolerant when supplied from a 3.3 V supply and all outputs are 4 mA CMOS.
The ISO722 and ISO722M devices include an active-low output enable that when driven to a high logic level, places the output in a high-impedance state and turns off internal bias circuitry to conserve power.
Both the ISO721 and ISO722 have TTL input thresholds and a noise filter at the input that prevent transient pulses of up to 2 ns in duration from being passed to the output of the device.
The ISO721M and ISO722M have CMOS VCC/2 input thresholds, but do not have the noise-filter and the additional propagation delay. These features of the ISO721M also provide for reduced-jitter operation.
The ISO721, ISO721M, ISO722, and ISO722M are characterized for operation over the ambient temperature range of –40°C to 125°C.
(1) The signaling rate of a line is the number of voltage transitions that are made per second expressed in the units bps (bits per second).
100 and 150-Mbps Signaling Rate Options
Low Propagation Delay
Low Pulse Skew
Low-Power Sleep Mode
High Electromagnetic Immunity
Low Input-Current Requirement
Drop-In Replacement for Most Opto and Magnetic Isolators
Operates from 3.3 V and 5 V Supplies
–40°C to 125°C Operating Temperature Range
50 kV/µs Transient Immunity, Typical
Safety and Regulatory Approvals
VDE Basic Insulation with 4000-VPK VIOTM, 560 VPK VIORM
2500 VRMS Isolation per UL 1577
CSA Approved for Component Acceptance Notice 5A and IEC 60950-1