The ’HC297 and CD74HCT297 are high-speed silicon gate CMOS devices that are pin-compatible with low power Schottky TTL (LSTTL).
These devices are designed to provide a simple, cost-effective solution to high-accuracy, digital, phase-locked-loop applications. They contain all the necessary circuits, with the exception of the divide-by-N counter, to build first-order phase-locked-loops.
Both EXCLUSIVE-OR (XORPD) and edge-controlled phase detectors (ECPD) are provided for maximum flexibility. The input signals for the EXCLUSIVE-OR phase detector must have a 50% duty factor to obtain the maximum lock-range.
Proper partitioning of the loop function, with many of the building blocks external to the package, makes it easy for the designer to incorporate ripple cancellation (see Figure 2) or to cascade to higher order phase-locked-loops.
The length of the up/down K-counter is digitally programmable according to the K-counter function table. With A, B, C and D all LOW, the K-counter is disabled. With A HIGH and B, C and D LOW, the K-counter is only three stages long, which widens the bandwidth or capture range and shortens the lock time of the loop. When A, B, C and D are all programmed HIGH, the K-counter becomes seventeen stages long, which narrows the bandwidth or capture range and lengthens the lock time. Real-time control of loop bandwidth by manipulating the A to D inputs can maximize the overall performance of the digital phase-locked-loop.
The ’HC297 and CD74HCT297 can perform the classic first order phase-locked-loop function without using analog components. The accuracy of the digital phase-locked-loop (DPLL) is not affected by VCC and temperature variations but depends solely on accuracies of the K-clock and loop propagation delays.
Digital Design Avoids Analog Compensation Errors
Easily Cascadable for Higher Order Loops
Useful Frequency Range
K-Clock...DC to 55MHz (Typ)
I/D-Clock...DC to 35MHz (Typ)
Dynamically Variable Bandwidth
Very Narrow Bandwidth Attainable
Fanout (Over Temperature Range)
Standard Outputs...10 LSTTL Loads
Bus Driver Outputs...15 LSTTL Loads
Balanced Propagation Delay and Transition Times
Significant Power Reduction Compared to LSTTL Logic ICs
Operation Voltage...2 to 6V
High Noise Immunity NIL = 30%, NIH = 30% of VCC at 5V
Operation Voltage...4.5 to 5.5V
Direct LSTTL Input Logic Compatibility VIL =0.8V (Max), VIH =2V (Min)