The bq24296M is a highly-integrated switch-mode battery charge management and system power path management device for 1 cell Li-Ion and Li-polymer battery in a wide range of smart phone and tablet applications. Its low impedance power path optimizes switch-mode operation efficiency, reduces battery charging time and extends battery life during discharging phase. The I2C serial interface with charging and system settings makes the device a truly flexible solution.
The device supports 3.9V – 6.2V USB input sources, including standard USB host port and USB charging port with 6.4V over-voltage protection. The device supports USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 power specifications with input current and voltage regulation. To set the default input current limit, the bq24296M takes the result from the detection circuit in the system, such as USB PHY device. The device also supports USB On-the-Go operation by providing fast startup and supplying adjustable voltage 4.55 – 5.5V (default 5V) on the VBUS with an accurate current limit up to 1.5A.
The power path management regulates the system slightly above battery voltage but does not drop below 3.5V minimum system voltage (programmable). With this feature, the system keeps operating even when the battery is completely depleted or removed. When the input source current or voltage limit is reached, the power path management automatically reduces the charge current to zero and then starts discharges the battery until the system power requirement is met. This supplement mode operation keeps the input source from getting overloaded.
The device initiates and completes a charging cycle when host control is not available. It automatically charges the battery in three phases: pre-conditioning, constant current and constant voltage. In the end, the charger automatically terminates when the charge current is below a preset limit in the constant voltage phase. Later on, when the battery voltage falls below the recharge threshold, the charger will automatically start another charging cycle.
The charge device provides various safety features for battery charging and system operation, including negative thermistor monitoring, charging safety timer and over-voltage/over-current protections. The thermal regulation reduces charge current when the junction temperature exceeds 120°C (programmable).
The STAT output reports the charging status and any fault conditions. The INT immediately notifies host when fault occurs.
The bq24296M is available in a 24-pin, 4×4 mm2 thin VQFN package.
90% High Efficiency Switch Mode 3-A Charger
3.9-V to 6.2-V Single Input USB-Compliant Charger with 6.4-V Over-Voltage Protection
Input voltage and current limit supports USB 2.0 and USB 3.0
Input Current Limit: 100 mA, 150 mA, 500 mA, 900 mA, 1 A, 1.5 A, 2 A, and 3 A
USB OTG with Adjustable output 4.55 V to 5.5 V at1 A or 1.5 A
Fast OTG Startup (22 ms Typ)
90% 5-V Boost Mode Efficiency
Accurate ±15% Hiccup Mode Overcurrent Protection
Narrow VDC (NVDC) Power Path Management
Instant System On with No Battery or Deeply Discharged Battery
Ideal Diode Operation in Battery Supplement Mode
1.5-MHz Switching Frequency for Low Profile 1.2-mm Inductor
I2C port for optimal system performance and status reporting
Autonomous Battery Charging with or without Host Management
Battery Charge Enable
Battery Charge Preconditioning
Charge Termination and Recharge
±0.5% Charge Voltage Regulation
±7% Charge Current Regulation
±7.5% Input Current Regulation
±3% Output Voltage Regulation in USB OTG Boost Mode
Power Path Management
Synchronous Switching MOSFETs
Integrated Current Sensing
Internal Loop Compensation
Battery Temperature Sensing for Charging and Discharging in OTG Mode
Battery Charging Safety Timer
Thermal Regulation and Thermal Shutdown
Input and System Over-Voltage Protection
MOSFET Over-Current Protection
Charge Status Outputs for LED or Host Processor
Maximum power tracking capability by input voltage regulation
20-µA Low Battery Leakage Current and Support Shipping Mode